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Moldovan cinema history as the history of the people

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While screen-studying the land’s history, film-makers go back into the depth of ages. The film «Dmitry Kantemir», being awarded the diploma «For Representation of Historical Theme in the Complex Spectacular Film» at the 7th All-Union film festival in Baku, tells about the struggle of the Moldavian people against the Turkish yoke, the inviolable friendship of the Russian and Moldavian peoples, scientific and literary activity of’the sovereign of Moldavia Dmitry Kantemir, whose efforts marked the dawn of the development of this great friendship. The film-maker’s group — the screen-writer and director V. Iovitse, the director and cameraman V. Kalashnikov, the lead M. Volontir, the designer V. Kovrig — was awarded tfie MSSR State Prize.

The events of the national liberation movement against the Ottoman yoke and local landowners have also underlain other V. Iovitse’s films — «Horse, Rifle and Free Wind», «By the Devil’s Den». O. Ulitskaya’s documentary film «Not Only with Weapon» is also dedicated to the common struggle of Moldavian and Russian peoples against the Turkish oppression. Е. Lotyanu told about hoar antiquity — the time of haiduks and lautars — in the film «The Lautars». This dramatic film story affords the opportunity for audiences to come into contact with the rich world of music, the fate of folk musicians, whose high calling was to carry the everliving folk art to people. It is saturated not only with folk songs, music, real national colour, but also with philosophic meditations upon life. The film «The Lautars» has been created in the style of folk ballads, it speaks with audiences in the language of music, but at the same time, it is distinguished for social colouring: the atmosphere of lawlessness, oppression and destitution, in which lautars lived — strolling musicians and singers, whose skill enraptured people with virtuosity and originality — has been reconstructed shot by shot. The Spanish newspaper «Unidad» wrote in 1972: «…To begin with one should note poetry of the Moldavian film. One can feel, that its producer is a poet. We see ravishing Moldavian scences, listen to fine tunes. Acting, colouring and music are the main qualities of the film». Authentic facts, derived from annals, chronicles and other historical papers, have underlain the film. Vivid, bright, memorable characters of «The Lautars» present people of hard destiny, artists in spirit, who recorded their history in music.

 

The words, that «man lives for the sake of the Red bird of Dream» became the conceptual burden of the production. «The Lautars» film-makers achieved the unity of music, plot, characters, of all the action. The imaginative system of the picture is subordinated to the musical solution. Music came to be one of the main constituents of the dramaturgy. Wide usage of the lautarian melodies and songs, preserved by people up to date, is closely connected with the name of the film composer Eugene Doga. He has done an immense deal of work on selection of folk tunes, their rendering and arrangement.

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